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Intangible Cultural Heritage: Handmade Ribbon Craftsmanship
- Aug 23, 2018 -

Intangible Cultural Heritage: Handmade Ribbon Craftsmanship


When it comes to webbing, many people may feel strange, or even know what it is. In fact, webbing is ubiquitous in life, and it is as big as the ribbon of all kinds of championship gold medals, and the ribbon on the birthday cake of the citizens. There are webbings everywhere, but with the development of modern industry and the acceleration of urbanization, there are fewer and fewer folk hand-woven ribbons, and the weaving skills are on the verge of disappearing.


『 History of Ribbon 』


Folk ribbons have been passed to Pudong Wanxiang and other places, and there are more than 200 years of history. At the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, most of the peasant women were familiar with ribbons and many people. Today, there are still 7 administrative villages in Wanxiang Town, especially in Bandung, Wanxing and Wanhong. Villages such as new construction are more active.


There are various styles of hand-woven ribbons. There are more than 10 types of broadband styles , Qulong, silver chain, Sanyang, Wangzi and Sanyang. The styles of the belts include waist belt, cross belt, Maizi belt and jujube. More than 20 kinds of flower belts.


『 Ribbon process 』


Ribbon tool: belt frame (there is also a retractable inner frame), the length and width are generally 89.5 cm × 28.4 cm, with buckle, brake plate, ribbon knife, brake wood.


The main process: firstly, the color lines (wires) of each color are arranged on the belt frame as the warp of the belt according to the requirements and width of the weaving pattern, and then the weft threads are weaved as required, and weaved into the desired words or flowers.


Generally flat weave: first prepare the blue, white and white cotton yarn, then take the frame around the wire. Finally, press the knife with the knife on the line, let the line on the frame divide into two layers, and then insert the knife into the line. Separate the two layers in the seam, pass through a line and finally take a bamboo knife to make the line strong, so that in turn, a flat belt is woven. For complex flower bands and word bands, we need to weave the pattern with the tip of the knife.